在罗马发现14世纪高丽佛教画像

14th century Goryeo Buddhist painting found in Rome

by Emi Hailey Hayakawa, BTN, Jan 24, 2013

艾迷 海利早川,BTN ,2013年1月24日

罗马,意大利 – 韩国国家博物馆最近在意大利罗马的国家东方艺术博物馆里,研究其收藏品过程中发现了14世纪高丽佛教 “阿弥陀佛” 画像。

韩国国家博物馆(总监金英娜)最近一直给予世界各地不同博物馆里的韩国画廊更多的官方支持。罗马的高丽佛画是在2012年10月韩国国家博物馆馆长在意大利国家东方艺术博物馆研究韩国和亚洲收藏品过程中发现的。

这幅高丽佛画描绘了鲜明的面部特征和传统金荷花图案的红色长袍,并且被估计为14世纪早期的作品。虽然头顶上的光环有轻微的划痕,整体而言,绘画的保存还是相当不错的。

高丽佛画在韩国佛教艺术中因其画工复杂精美而著称,目前知道的只有约160件作品散布在世界各地,因此非常稀有。

这次所发现的佛画是“阿弥陀佛”的右手伸向死者的画像。这幅画像也被称为“Amitaneyong – do”,也意味着这幅阿弥陀佛像在问候你。

此外,这件作品被视为阿弥陀佛身着传统金荷花图案红色长袍的杰作。

韩国国家博物馆声明:“这是一个类似于法国吉美博物馆(Guimet Museum)的Amitaneyong-do,日本的Jion-ji寺和Zenrin-ji寺在也有类似的佛画。”

此外,也发现了公元7世纪方形底座上的坐式弥勒菩萨塑像。坐在方形底座上的弥勒菩萨塑像高约8cm,比较小,与83届韩国国宝坐式弥勒菩萨塑像有类似的宝冠。这尊塑像富有慈悲和温柔的表情,有着鲜明的五官和线条的服装,具备了三国时期塑像的所有特征。

韩国国家博物馆将与意大利国家东方艺术博物馆密切合作,恢复最近发现的高丽佛画,并计划在不久的将来开设展览。

此外,韩国国家博物馆将对各种国外无力采用韩国馆长,有困难展示和利用韩国文物的博物馆加大支持力度。

文章来源:http://www.buddhistchannel.tv/index.php?id=91,11297,0,0,1,0

翻译:圆怀,不惑

校对:沃色卓玛

 

14th century Goryeo Buddhist painting found in Rome

by Emi Hailey Hayakawa, BTN, Jan 24, 2013

Rome, Italy — The National Museum of Korea recently found “Buddha Amitabha,” a 14th century Goryeo Buddhist painting in Rome, Italy during a research on the collection of the National Museum of Oriental Art.

The National Museum of Korea (Director Kim Young Na) has been recently working on more official support for the Korean galleries in various foreign museums across the globe. The Goryeo Buddhist painting found in Rome was unearthed during a research on the Korean and Asian collection of the National Museum of Oriental Art by a curator of the National Museum of Korea in October, 2012.

This Goryeo Buddhist painting portrays strong facial features and a traditional red robe patterned with gold lotus flowers, and is estimated to be from the early 14th century. Although there was a slight scratch on the halo, overall the painting was in fairly good conditions.

The Goryeo Buddhist paintings are known for their intricate aesthetics in the Korean Buddhist Arts, and currently there are only about 160 known artifacts across the globe, and are very rare.

The Buddhist painting that was found is a portrait of the “Buddha Amitabha” who is handing out his right hand to the dead. This portrait is also known as the “Amitaneyong – do” which also means the portrait of where the Amitabha is greeting you.

Moreover, this piece is regarded as a masterpiece with the Amitabha is dressed in a traditional red robe patterned with gold lotus flowers.

The National Museum of Korea states that, “there is a similar Amitaneyong-do at the Guimet Museum in France, and there are similar Buddhist paintings in Jion-ji temple and Zenrin-ji temple in Japan.”

Additionally, a 7th century Seated Maitreya bodhisattva statue on square pedestal was also found. The Seated Maitreya bodhisattva statue on square pedestal is about 8cm tall, rather small, and has the similar jewel crown as the Seated Maitreya bodhisattva statue on square pedestal of the 83rd Korean National treasure. This statue also has a very compassionate and gentle expression with distinct facial features and lines in the garments are all characteristics of the statues of the Three Kingdoms period.

The National Museum of Korea will be working very closely with the National Museum of Oriental Art of Italy to restore the recently found Goryeo Buddhist painting and is planning to open exhibition in the near future.

Furthermore, the National Museum of Korea will strengthen their support to various foreign museums who cannot employ Korean curators and are having a difficult time exhibiting and making use of Korean artifacts.