纳税人资助公务员参加佛教风格的减压课程

Taxpayers to fund Buddhist-inspired stress course for civil servants

By Don Butler, Postmedia News March 21, 2011

唐·巴特勒,Postmedia新闻2011年3月21日

加拿大渥太华 – 渥太华加拿大司法部饱受精神压力的员工们将很快就能通过由纳税人资助,使用佛教正念概念的培训课程寻求解脱,以此可帮助他们应对个人生活和工作上的压力。

上周该部门为两个为期九周的“正念减轻压力”培训进行了招标,旨在帮助多达40名公职人员“学习如何更加自觉和慈悲地应对来自工作和个人生活的挑战。”

根据加拿大司法部的招标书,该培训将帮助员工“更有效地应对日常生活中让你感觉比较棘手的思想和情绪。”

招标文件说明“正念的练习,可让你了解和利用自己的思想和洞察力的本质,以便于对你的健康和福祉做到掌控和负责”。

每期培训的最大预算为11,000美元另加GST消费税。招标书包含了让该部门选择在今年晚些时候增加四期培训的可能,这会使成本增加到44000美元。

当被问及为什么该培训很有必要时,一个部门的发言人通过电子邮件回答说,用有效工具来应对来自工作场所的压力并促进心理健康,对此是 “被普遍认可的。这一方案的有益效果也是有据可查的。”

正念减轻压力由马萨诸塞州大学的Jon Kabat-Zinn医学教授创于1979年。根据mindfulnet.org网站介绍,已有18000人完成了MBSR的培训。

该方法目前被使用于世界各地的医院,学校,法庭,监狱和会议室中。接受培训的公司包括苹果(Apple),雅虎(Yahoo!),谷歌(Google),星巴克(Starbucks)和宝洁公司(Procter&Gamble)。

正念概念起源于古老的禅修练习。mindfulnet.org网站上说正念“可帮助你更加了解你的想法和心理过程,可让你选择如何应对他们,而不是被动的响应。”

该网站说,在工作场所中,正念可以帮助缓解紧张,改善沟通,化解冲突以及促进创造性思维。参与者会被教授一些禅修技术以便于减少“大脑的喋喋不休”和更恰当地回应个人的想法和感受。

该网站上说,大多数MBSR培训内容包括“身体扫描运动(body scan exercise),两个盘坐禅修(sitting meditations),走动禅修(walking meditation),柔和的伸展(gentle stretching)和身体意识的练习(body awareness exercises)”。

加拿大司法部采用正念培训的计划,得到了加拿大公共服务联盟(PSAC, 一个代表公务部门的人员,文员及支援人员的机构)的国家行政副总裁Patty Ducharme的许可,。

她说到 ,“很显然,我们不反对可以提高员工的健康和福祉的项目。但我们也注意到了一个事实,那就是预防措施似乎对人们有能力工作于紧张忙碌的环境具有最重要的影响。”

她说加拿大司法部当然有资格作为其中的一个。

“我知道,这是一个充满压力的工作环境。员工们经手的是一些非常重要的文件,如果人们错过完成期限或搞砸了会带来非常显著的后果。”

她说诸如MBSR的培训计划专注于个人而不是造成压力的工作环境。

加拿大司法部在去年秋天开办了两期MBSR培训作为一个试点项目。该部门说,“对各种压力应对课程深入研究和评估后,选择了正念减压培训。”

该部门提议用英语和法语各开一个接受10-20人参加的培训项目。该项目为期9周,包括8次2.5小时加上一天的培训。该培训在4月中旬-6月中旬之间举办。

文章来源:http://www.buddhistchannel.tv/index.php?id=66,10012,0,0,1,0

翻译:圆怀,不惑

校对:沃色卓玛

 

Taxpayers to fund Buddhist-inspired stress course for civil servants

By Don Butler, Postmedia News March 21, 2011

OTTAWA, Canada — Stressed-out employees at Justice Canada in Ottawa will soon be able to seek relief in a taxpayer-funded program that uses the Buddhist concept of mindfulness to help them cope with personal and workplace pressures.

The department invited bids last week for two nine-week “mindfulness-based stress reduction” sessions designed to help up to 40 public servants “learn to relate more consciously and compassionately to the challenges of work and personal life.”

According to Justice Canada’s request for proposals, the program will help employees “deal more effectively with difficult thought and emotions that can keep you feeling stuck in everyday life.

“The practice of mindfulness can support you to work with and understand the nature of your thought and perceptions so that you can take control and responsibility for your health and well-being,” the document says.

The maximum budget for each of the two sessions is $11,000 plus GST. The request for proposals gives the department the option of adding four more sessions later this year, which would increase the cost by up to $44,000.

Asked why the program was necessary, a departmental spokesman replied by email that the need for effective tools to manage stress and promote mental health in the workplace is “widely recognized. The beneficial effects of this program are well documented.”

Mindfulness-based stress reduction was founded in 1979 by Jon Kabat-Zinn, a medical professor at the University of Massachusetts. According to the website mindfulnet.org, 18,000 people have since completed MBSR programs.

It’s now used in hospitals, schools, courtrooms, prisons and boardrooms around the world. Corporate disciples include Apple, Yahoo!, Google, Starbucks and Procter & Gamble.

Mindfulness, which has its origins in ancient meditation practices, “helps you choose to become more aware of your thoughts and mental processes,” says mindfulnet.org, “allowing you to choose how you respond to them, rather than responding on autopilot.”

In the workplace, the website says it can help reduce tensions, improve communications, defuse conflict and promote more creative thinking. Participants are taught a number of meditation techniques designed to reduce “brain chatter” and respond more appropriately to thoughts and feelings.

Most MBSR training includes a “body scan exercise, two sitting meditations, walking meditation, gentle stretching and body awareness exercises,” the website says.

Justice Canada’s embrace of mindfulness got a qualified endorsement from Patty Ducharme, the national executive vice-president of the Public Service Alliance of Canada, which represents the department’s program officers, clerks and support staff.

“Obviously we’re not opposed to programs that could improve workers’ health and well-being,” she said. “But we’re also mindful of the fact that prevention programs seem to have the most significant impact on people’s ability to work in environments that are busy and stressful.”

Justice Canada certainly qualifies as one of those, she said.

“I know that it’s a stressful work environment. Some of these files that people are juggling are very high-profile files that have really significant ramifications if people miss deadlines or screw up.”

Wellness programs such as MBSR focus on the individual, she said, rather than addressing the workplace environment that gives rise to the stress.

Justice Canada, which ran two MBSR sessions last fall as a pilot project, says it chose the mindfulness-based stress reduction program after “thorough research and evaluation of the various stress management programs available.”

The department proposes to run one program in English and one in French, each with between 10 and 20 participants. Both will last nine weeks with eight sessions of 2.5 hours each and one daylong session. The programs will run between mid-April and mid-June.