哥斯达黎加的佛教

Buddhism in Costa Rica

by Terrence Johnson, The Costa Rican News, August 5, 2012

泰伦斯·约翰逊,哥斯达黎加新闻,2012年8月5日

哥斯达黎加– 在过去的几十年中,中美洲的天主教教会发现他们的教徒们放弃自己原有的信仰,转而探索并加入基督教和其他宗教教派。专家指出,这归咎于来自其他教派如基督教福音派的日益竞争,以及对天主教会的不容忍和刚性立场的普遍不满。中美洲新兴的部分人口改变自己原有的信仰,转信伊斯兰教和佛教等。

José ·埃斯皮诺萨和他的妻子卡特里娜是一对夫妇,他们3年前改变原有信仰转入佛门,并说,他们从来没有这样快乐过。

当问到他们为什么放弃天主教而转信佛教,José解释说,“我的妻子和我有不同的原因,但对我来说,我曾找过我们以前经常参加的那个天主教堂的神父,就我妻子和我所经历的一些婚姻问题向他请教,神父的建议只是引用“圣经”的几行文字和祷告。当时我想:“如果他从未有过妻子或自己的子女,这个人怎么可能就家庭或婚姻提出很好的建议呢”。我想那是我第一次开始怀疑自己的信仰,并开始寻找其他宗教。

José继续解释了为什么他们最终选择了佛教。 “我们去了解基督教,伊斯兰教,并最终转移到了佛教。对于我们来说,佛教触及到了我们的心灵深处。佛教信众的中庸和接纳的态度非常吸引我们。我认为禅修给我们的生活增添了许多色彩。“

当问及关于禅修类型的问题时,José继续到:“他们教我们非常简单的方法,如数自己的呼吸,将心专注在当下,后来是以不同的方式来呼吸,佛教式呼吸,道教式呼吸,但本质上这些不同的方法可以帮助你平静被他们称之为如’猴子一样的心’,也就是当你的心或想法从一个跳跃到另一个时。。。经过一点训练,心就平静下来,你便进入一种“当下”的状态。当你练习禅修时,你只是感到很好,非常平静,并且不只局限于禅修的时候,经过训练你可以达到被日本佛教徒称为“zan-shin”的状态,可翻译为剩余的心灵,或者那种能延续到一天或一生的心灵状态,所以你会发现你能够更好地应付来自生活,工作和家庭方面的压力。”

哥斯达黎加拥有大约10万名信佛者,她比任何一个其他中美洲的国家拥有更多的佛教徒。佛教在19世纪早期由中国移民们带到了哥斯达黎加。今天,哥斯达黎加的圣何塞有好几个公认的学习小组。

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泰伦斯·Kosho·约翰逊(Kosho – 法号)是哥斯达黎加新闻的特邀作家。他修学佛法达30年,在不同的寺庙学习过,并最终成为日本三大禅宗之一临济宗的一名教师。Kosho现在居住在哥斯达黎加。

文章来源:http://www.buddhistchannel.tv/index.php?id=71,11009,0,0,1,0

翻译:圆怀,不惑

校对:沃色卓玛

 

Buddhism in Costa Rica

by Terrence Johnson, The Costa Rican News, August 5, 2012

Costa Rica — Over the past few decades Catholic Churches in Central America has seen an exodus of their congregants leaving to explore and join other Christian denominations and other religions. Experts point to growing competition from other denominations, primarily evangelical Christianity and a general dissatisfaction with the Catholic churches intolerance and rigid stance. There is an emerging segment of the population in Central America that is converting to religions such as Islam and Buddhism.

José Espinoza and his wife Katrina is one couple that converted to Buddhism 3 years ago, and say they have never been happier.

When asked why they converted from Catholic religion to Buddhism, José explained, “My wife and I have different reasons, but for me, I had approached the Father of the Catholic church we had been attending, to ask some questions on some marital issues my wife and I were experiencing, and the Fathers’ advise was to quote a few lines from the Bible and say a prayer. That was when I thought ‘how can this person give family or marital advice when he never has had a wife or children of his own’. That was the first time I think that I started to question my religion and began to look at other religions”

Continuing José explained why they ultimately chose Buddhism. “We looked at other Christian religions and we also looked at Islam and finally Buddhism. For us Buddhism touched something very deep in both of us. The non-judgmental, accepting attitudes of the members of the organization were very appealing to us. And I think the practice of meditation has added so much to our lives.”

When asked about the types of meditation practices José continued, “They taught us very simple methods like counting your breathing, to help keep the mind focused on the here and now, and later there are different ways to breath, Buddhist breathing, Taoist breathing methods, but essentially these different methods help you calm what they call ‘monkey mind’, which is when your mind or thoughts jump around from thought to thought… with a little practice the mind calms and you enter a kind of ‘now’ state. When you practice meditation, you just feel good, calm centered, and not just when you are meditating, but with practice you attain what the Japanese Buddhist call zan-shin, which translates to residual mind, or that which carries over into the rest of your day or life, so you find you are better able to cope with the stresses of life, work, and family from a much calmer and center perspective.”

With approximately 100,000 practitioners, Costa Rica has more Buddhists than any other country in Central America. Buddhism was brought to Costa Rica by Chinese immigrants during the earlier part of the 19th century. Today are several recognized and establish groups in San Jose Costa Rica.

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Terrence Kosho Johnson (Kosho – given Buddhist name) is a guest writer for The Costa Rica News. He has been practicing Buddhism for the better part of 30 years, studying at different temples, and ultimately became a teacher in a form of Zen Buddhism called Rinzai, one of the tree primary sects of Zen in Japan. Kosho now lives in Costa Rica.